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    Tips for Staying Healthy whilst Travelling Abroad - Part 2

 

Malaria

Mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting several diseases including dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria and yellow fever.  Travellers are therefore strongly recommended to reduce the likelihood of being bitten by taking the following preventative measures:

  • Wear long sleeved shirts and long trousers at dusk and dawn.
  • Spray yourself, clothes and room will the appropriate anti-mosquito spray.
  • Sleep under a mosquito net, ideally impregnated with an insecticide such as permethrin.
  • Use a plug-in electric insecticide vaporiser or smoke coil to deter mosquitoes further.
  • Avoid areas of stagnant water where mosquitoes breed.  
  • In addition to the above preventative measures, if you are entering a malarial area we strongly recommended that you take anti-malarial drugs for the duration of your stay.  There are several types of anti-malarial drugs on the market, to find out which is best for you consult your local GP or travel clinic where you can access comprehensive advice.

    Sun Protection

    For the majority of all holiday makers, overexposure to the sun serves as a major risk to health.  In the short term, leading to sunburn, long term effects include premature aging and a heightened risk of sunburn.  To avoid overexposure:

  • Stay out of the sun during midday when the sunrays are at their fiercest.
  • Cover skin with loose clothing and hats.
  • Use plenty of high protection factor sunscreen which blocks UVA and UVB rays.
  • Reapply sun cream regularly.
  • Pay particular attention to vulnerable areas like the top of the head, shoulders, neck and ears.
  • Be careful in and around water where the sun's rays are reflected making them stronger.
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration, and avoid alcohol.
  • Pay extra precaution to babies and children who are far more vulnerable to the sun's rays.

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